Immunization.

  • Created by: Kallberry
  • Created on: 19-02-18 09:51
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  • Immunization.
    • Tetanus.
      • Progression.
        • -Usually develops within 4-21 days after infection.
        • -Average incubation period is approx 10 days.
      • Transmission.
        • Can enter the body through a wound in the skin or a serious burn.
      • Cause.
        • -Bacterial infection called Clostridium Tetani.
      • Symptoms.
        • -High Temperature.
        • -Muscle spasms and stiffness.
        • -Difficulty swallowing.
        • -Sweating.
        • -Rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure.
      • Risk.
        • SHORT TERM:            -Stiffness in jaw muscles that spreads from jaw to neck and limbs over 24 to 72 hours.
        • LONG TERM:            -Sudden cardiac death.             -Pulmonary embolism.       -Pneumonia kidney failure.
    • Whooping Cough.
      • Side Effects.
        • -Pain/ Swelling/ Redness of injection site.
        • -Irritability.
        • -Headache.
        • -Fever.
      • Risk.
        • SHORT TERM:            -High temperature.   -Sore throat.   Breathing difficulties.
        • LONG TERM:            -Kidney failure.             -Brain damage.         -If breathing difficulties prevent enough oxygen from getting to the brain it could cause seizures or pneumonia.
      • Transmission.
        • -Respiratory droplets/ Saliva of an infected person.
      • Symptoms.
        • -High temperature.
        • -Runny Nose.
        • -Vomiting after coughing.
      • Cause.
        • -Bacterial infection in the lungs and airways called Bordetella Pertussis.
      • Progression.
        • -Condition causes persistent dry and intense cough.
    • Diphtheria.
      • Progression.
        • -Once infected, bacteria spreads through the bloodstream to other organs.
      • Cause.
        • -Bacterial infection called Coryne-bacterium Diphtheriae.
      • Risk.
        • SHORT TERM:            -High temperature.   -Sore Throat.            -Breathing Difficulties.      -Foul smelling, bloodstained mucus and cough.             -Difficulties Swallowing.
        • LONG TERM:            -Respiratory failure.             -Paralysis of the diaphragm.      - Bladder problems.        -Damage to the heart and nervous system.
      • Transmission.
        • -Respiratory droplets (cough sneeze).
        • -Saliva.
        • -Ingesting contaminated food.
      • Symptoms.
        • -High temperature.
        • -Sore Throat.
        • -Difficulties Breathing.
        • -Foul smelling, blood stained mucus/ cough.
        • -Difficulties Swallowing.
      • Side Effects.
        • -Pain, swelling or redness of injection site.
        • -Unusually Crying.
        • -Fever.
        • -Loss of Appetite.
        • -Restlessness.
    • Measles.
      • Transmission.
        • Respiratory droplets from an infected person.           (Coughs and sneezes.)
      • Symptoms.
        • -Cold-like symptoms.
        • -Runny Nose.
        • -Watery Eyes.
        • -Red eyes and sensitivity to light.
        • -High Temperature.
        • -General lack of energy.
        • -Aches and pains.
        • -Tiny grayish-white spots in the mouth and throat.
      • Risk.
        • SHORT TERM:            -Red-spotty rash.
        • LONG TERM:            -Blindness.      -Heart and nervous system problems.        -Death.
      • Progression.
        • -After a few days a red-brown spotty rash appears behind ears and then the rest of the body.
          • -Initial spots are small but get bigger and join together.
      • Side Effects.
        • Pain, redness or swelling of injection site.
        • Unusual crying.
        • Fever.
        • Loss of appetite.
        • Restlessness.
      • Cause.
        • Viral infection called Paramyxo-virus.
    • Mumps.
      • Cause.
        • A contagious viral infection called Paramyxo-viruses.
      • Transmission.
        • -Spreads like a cold/flu from close personal contact with an infected person.
        • -Touching contaminated surfaces.
        • -Respiratory Droplets.
      • Symptoms.
        • -Painful swelling at the side of the face/ under the ears.
        • -Hamster face appearance.
        • -Joint Pain.
        • -Fever.
      • Progression.
        • -Virus moves from the respiratory tract into the parotid glands where it begins to reproduce.
        • -Virus can enter the cerebrospinal fluid and spread to other parts of the body, including the brain, pancreas, testicles and ovaries.
      • Risk.
        • -SHORT TERM:            -Swollen Glands.           -Virus can also enter the cerebrospinal fluid. (Fluid surrounding the brain and spine.)
        • LONG TERM:            -High Temperature.  -Swollen testicles/  ovaries.           -Viral meningitis.
    • Rubella.
      • Cause.
        • Viral infection called Rubella Virus.
      • Transmission.
        • -Respiratory droplets.
        • -Saliva from an infected person.
      • Symptoms.
        • -Red-pink rash made from small spots.
        • -Swollen glands around the head and neck.
        • -High Temperature.
        • -Cold-like symptoms, coughs or runny nose.
        • -Aching and painful joints.
        • -Loss of appetite.
        • -Tiredness.
        • -Sore and red eyes.
      • Risk.
        • -Pregnant women can pass it onto their baby.
      • Side Effects.
        • -Pain, redness and swelling of injection site.
        • -Fever.
        • -Loss of appetite.
        • -Restlessness.
  • Measles.
    • Transmission.
      • Respiratory droplets from an infected person.           (Coughs and sneezes.)
    • Symptoms.
      • -Cold-like symptoms.
      • -Runny Nose.
      • -Watery Eyes.
      • -Red eyes and sensitivity to light.
      • -High Temperature.
      • -General lack of energy.
      • -Aches and pains.
      • -Tiny grayish-white spots in the mouth and throat.
    • Risk.
      • SHORT TERM:            -Red-spotty rash.
      • LONG TERM:            -Blindness.      -Heart and nervous system problems.        -Death.
    • Progression.
      • -After a few days a red-brown spotty rash appears behind ears and then the rest of the body.
        • -Initial spots are small but get bigger and join together.
    • Side Effects.
      • Pain, redness or swelling of injection site.
      • Unusual crying.
      • Fever.
      • Loss of appetite.
      • Restlessness.
    • Cause.
      • Viral infection called Paramyxo-virus.

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