National 5 History: Unit 1 Migration & Empire- Immigrants to Scotland

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  • Immigration to Scotland 1830-1930
    • Immigrant Groups
      • IRISH
        • PUSH
          • Potato Famine
            • Lack of oppertunities Irish industry weak & therefore jobs
              • Evictions in Ireland
                • Population increase in Ireland
                  • In the 50 years before 1841 the population doubled to 8million
                • Between 1847-1852 there were over 90,000 evictions
            • 1845
            • 1846
            • 1848
        • PULL
          • Cheap transport to Scotland
            • Seasonal Migration meant links were already present
      • LITHUANIAN
        • PUSH
          • Small landholdings didn't produce efficient profit to live on
            • Escape Russian Government prosecution
        • PULL
          • Stepping stone to USA
      • ITALIAN
        • PUSH
          • Poverty in Italy
            • Population increase in Italy
        • PULL
          • Seasonal Migration
      • JEWISH
        • PUSH
          • Escape prosecution and pogroms in Eastern Europe (1870s & 1880s)
        • PULL
          • Less anti-antisemitism
            • Stepping stone to the USA
    • Jobs done by Immigrants
      • IRISH
        • Navvies
        • Jute Mills (Dundee)
        • Coal Mines
        • Cotton Industry (Ayrshire&Lanarkshire)
        • Breweries (Edinburgh)
        • Iron Works
      • LITHUANIAN
        • Coal mining & Steelworks (coatbridge)
        • Iron Works (Lanarkshire)
      • ITALIAN
        • Cafes
        • Fish & Chip shops
        • Ice Cream Parlours
      • JEWISH
        • Pedlars & Hawkers
        • Owners of small shops
        • Cigarette industry
        • Cothing tailoring/making
    • Relations between immigrant groups & Scots
      • IRISH CATHOLIC
        • CLEAR DIVIDE
          • different religion
          • separate schools
          • strke-breakers
          • bad reputation for drunk/violent
      • LITHUANIAN
        • different language
        • mainly catholic
      • ITALIAN
        • opened businesses on sabbath: frowned upon
        • sold alcohol in cafes
      • JEWISH
        • Protestant vs Catholic: Jews were not involved in religious conflict
        • some anti-antisemitism occurred
    • Why relations improved
      • Intermarriage
      • Lithuanians changed their names to more common ones
      • Trade Unions

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