History GSCE British depth study - immigration

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  • Immigration
    • What immigrants lived in Britain in 1945?
      • During the war the allied troops captured thousands of German and Italian troops in Europe. Over 300,000 German and Italian prisoners were brought to Britain and decided to stay here when they were released
      • GI's and commonwealth soldiers contribution was very significant to the allied victory in Europe. Many of the soldiers decided to stay and continue their lives here
      • Italians, Poles, Ukrainians and Austrians
    • Why did different groups migrate to Britain between 1948 and 1972?
      • 1948 British Nationality Act: Confirmed the right of commonwealth citizens to live in Britain regardless of their race, religion or colour
      • Likelihood of finding work: Severe labour shortages meant that jobs were available after world war 2. Recruiting campaigns were run in the West Indies to attract workers to take up employment (especially in transport and NHS service). Immigrants could earn up to 30x more in Britain than their home country
      • Romantic vision of Britain: Potential immigration groups had glamourised and romantic images of Britain. They were taught in school to regard Britain as the "mother country". They learnt about English Literature and history sparking a curiosity to come here
      • Economic Problems at home: Most came from poor countries. There were significant economic problems like poverty and high birth rate. Many weren't employed but had above average skills.
      • Violence at home: Many left places like India due to the fear of disruption and violence during the Partiton of India
      • Other factors: Expulsion from their country: Ugandan President Idi Amin expelled 50,000 Asian Ugandans
    • Immigrants experiences in Britain
      • 1. Gradual Uneasy Welcome: Immigrants usually homed in small towns and cities as they were discriminated against in housing
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