IMMIGRATION

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  • IMMIGRATION
    • 1918-1939
      • 40,000 population
        • mainly in port towns e.g. liverpool
          • caused tension
            • 1920 aliens orders act
            • 1925 special restrictions act
      • Jewish immigrants in 1930's
        • 1936: Battle of cable street BUF
    • WW2
      • men from empire bought to work in industry
        • 100,000 Jamaicans to Liverpool and Manchester
      • 10,000 West Indians in RAF
      • British Army in India - 1 million soldiers
      • no non whites became officers
      • USA brought over segregated units and Jim Crow army
      • 1942: alien orders act of 1920 ABOLISHED
    • 1948-1979
      • 1948 British Nationality Act
        • all people in the common-wealth a British citizen
        • post war boom required more workers
          • June 1948 SS Empire Windrush
            • 492 West Indians
            • next 5 years 3,000 black immigrants settled each year
            • 1951: 80,000 West Indians
        • fear of immigrants taking jobs
          • putting pressure on housing - shortages in places like Brixton
          • immigrants not intergrated
          • 1956 Notting Hill Riots
            • white men attacking black man
            • 100 arrested
            • led to Notting Hill carnival
      • 1962 Common-wealth Immigrations act
        • designed to end large scale immigration
          • entry only gained if
            • had a job waiting
            • specific skills
          • actually resulted in more immigrants
            • families allowed to be reunited so brought over
            • scared immigration  would stop forever = rapid rate
              • 1971: 1,500,000 population 3.3%
      • Race Relations Act
        • 1965: outlawed colour bar and set up RRB
        • 1968: extended 1965, outlawing racism in housing and employment
        • 1976: indirect discrimination outlawed
          • combined CRC and RRB
            • commission for raial equality
      • white back lash
        • 1968 Enoch Powell
          • rivers of blood speech
            • gained mass support through marches and petitions

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