Kantian Ethics

Mind map on all the things we have so far done on Kantian ethics.

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  • Created by: Jenny
  • Created on: 21-01-13 20:00
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  • Immanuel Kant
    • Imperatives
      • Categorical
        • KANT'S VIEW
        • What it commands is accepted as intrinsically good.
        • Consideration not given to the consequences of the action.
        • Imperative of Morality
        • Emphasis on universability - laws which have moral worth
          • Consistency
            • Inconsistency is irrational
          • 'Whether I can will that it become a 'law of nature'
        • Contraditradictions
          • ....in the law of nature.
            • Cannot be univerval laws as they are contradictory in themsleves in a straight forward way.
            • E.g. 'Only keep promises when it is in your interest to do so.'
          • ...in the will.
            • Not contradictory in themselves, but the person involved could not wish them to be universalised.
            • E.g. 'Only recieve help never give it'
        • Kant's categorical imperatives
          • 1. Act only on maxims which can be universalised.
          • Treat human beings as ends in themselves -never as a means to an end.
          • Always act as though you are a legislator in the universal kingdom of ends.
      • Hypothetical
        • doing something to achieve another end
          • tells us what actions would be good solely as a means to something else.
        • tells us what actions would be good solely as a means to something else.
      • An imperative tells a person which of their possible actions would be 'good'
    • Summum Bonum
      • Kant's ultimate happiness
      • Hypothetical imperative
        • However we aren't meant to follow these according to Kant. Therefore there is a FLAW IN THE PLAN!!!
      • Kant postulates that there must be a God as we must try to achieve a higher good.
        • This is because there are irrational thingsin the world: hypothetical imperative.
          • However we aren't meant to follow these according to Kant. Therefore there is a FLAW IN THE PLAN!!!
          • Hypothetical imperative
      • Deontological
        • Kant rejects teleology
          • He believes that good will is not derived from the results of an action.
        • Absolutist
          • Kant rejects subjectivity believing instead that morality should be universal.
      • Kant believes that our knowledge is how the world is percieved by humans not how it is in reality.
        • PLATO!
      • Metaphysics
        • Phenomenal realm
          • Kant believes that our knowledge is how the world is percieved by humans not how it is in reality.
            • PLATO!
          • Animalisitic desires
          • HUMANS
            • Treat human beings as ends in themselves -never as a means to an end.
            • They have their own intrinsic value and dignity.
            • The 'agents' of morality
            • autonomous
            • Kant's categorical imperatives
              • 1. Act only on maxims which can be universalised.
              • Always act as though you are a legislator in the universal kingdom of ends.
          • Act in accordance to empiricist values of cause and effect.
          • changing and transient
          • Causally determinded
            • Act in accordance to empiricist values of cause and effect.
        • The Noumenal realm
          • Reason
            • Gods and angels (made of only reason)
              • The Noumenal realm
                • Reason
                  • Gods and angels (made of only reason)
                  • HUMANS
                    • They have their own intrinsic value and dignity.
                    • The 'agents' of morality
                    • autonomous
                  • a priori
                    • Comes from thinking about it as opposed to sensing it is wrong or right.
                    • Human will
                      • good will
                        • Duty for duty's sake
                          • Free Will
                            • autonomy
                            • good will
                              • Duty for duty's sake
                                • Free Will
                                  • autonomy
                  • separate from the rules of cause and effect.
                  • unchanging and constant
            • a priori
              • Comes from thinking about it as opposed to sensing it is wrong or right.
              • Human will
              • separate from the rules of cause and effect.
              • unchanging and constant

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