Idiographic Approach

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  • Idiographic Approach
    • Carl Rogers
      • used theories from case studies
      • Perspective-humanist - focuses on individuality
        • Humanism- the assumption that all people are born good and have the ability to reach their full potential.
      • Client-centred Therapy
      • Experimental Learning Theory
        • Links between education and learning with personal growth and development
    • Phenomenology
      • Edmun Husserl
        • "an approach to philosophy that takes the intuitive experience of a phenomenon as it's starting point & tries to extract from it the essential features of experiences & the essence of what we experience"
    • A humanistic approach
      • Believes individuals have FW
      • The point is self-actualisation
      • Conditions of worth
        • We learn what to do to be valued by others
        • Impact the self-concept
    • Self-concept
      • Real self
        • actualization, organismic valuing, positive regard, posiitve self-regard
      • Ideal self
        • society, conditions of worth, conditional positive regard, conditional positive self-regard
      • Incongruence - self image is different to the ideal self, little overlap
      • Congruence- self image is similar to ideal self, more overlap
    • Person-centred therapy
      • Problems stem from cOw
      • Focuses on a person's feelings
      • Therapists act as guide, offer Unconditional Positive Regard
      • Client is in a state of incongruence
    • Kirschenbaum & Jourdan, 2002:
      • Found the core conditions are viewed as neither necessary nor sufficient; merely helpful

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