Idiographic and Nomothetic Approach and Thematic

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  • Created by: khiggs1
  • Created on: 07-10-16 08:14
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  • Idiographic
    • Study of individuals + the unique insights each individual gives us about human behaviour
      • Untitled
    • collect qualitative data, indepth
      • e.g. unstructured interviews, case studies and thematic analysis
    • Examples
      • Freud and the case study of Little Hans and his interpretations
        • e.g. Oedipus complex
        • Nomothetic
          • Study of large numbers of people then making generalisations based on general laws and prinicples
          • Quantitative data (Statistical data)
            • e.g. central tendency, dispersion, graphs and statistical data
          • Idiographic
            • Study of individuals + the unique insights each individual gives us about human behaviour
              • Untitled
            • collect qualitative data, indepth
              • e.g. unstructured interviews, case studies and thematic analysis
            • Examples
              • Freud and the case study of Little Hans and his interpretations
                • e.g. Oedipus complex
                • Nomothetic
                  • Study of large numbers of people then making generalisations based on general laws and prinicples
                  • Quantitative data (Statistical data)
                    • e.g. central tendency, dispersion, graphs and statistical data
                  • Examples
                    • Biological
                      • Portray how the body and brain work
                      • Chemicals e.g. serotonin
                      • Genetics e.g. Crimongenic
                      • HM , but wont effect everyone thee same
                    • Behavourist
                      • Classical conditioning
                        • Pavlov- learn by association
                      • Operant conditioning
                        • Skinner- learn by direct consequence
                    • Cognitive
                      • Clive Wearing, HM, Phineas Gage
                    • Compared to Idiographic psychometric testing known as EPQ is used to produce personality type un/stable and extra/intovert
                • Psychodynamic
              • Humanistic approach
                • They believe that the most important thing is the persons subjective experience
              • Study of Jenny Allport
                • 301 letters between 1926 - 1937
                  • Tied together themes of her views on subjective perception, emotions and feelings
                • Analysis of letters showed different personality traits
          • Examples
            • Biological
              • Portray how the body and brain work
              • Chemicals e.g. serotonin
              • Genetics e.g. Crimongenic
              • HM , but wont effect everyone thee same
            • Behavourist
              • Classical conditioning
                • Pavlov- learn by association
              • Operant conditioning
                • Skinner- learn by direct consequence
            • Cognitive
              • Clive Wearing, HM, Phineas Gage
            • Compared to Idiographic psychometric testing known as EPQ is used to produce personality type un/stable and extra/intovert
        • Psychodynamic
      • Humanistic approach
        • They believe that the most important thing is the persons subjective experience
      • Study of Jenny Allport
        • 301 letters between 1926 - 1937
          • Tied together themes of her views on subjective perception, emotions and feelings
        • Analysis of letters showed different personality traits
  • Idiographic is less scientific
  • Thematic
    • Qualitative is summarised by identifying repeated themes in the material to be analysed
    • Main intentions
      • Impose an order of data
      • The order represents participants perspective
      • Order emerges from data not preconception
      • Summarise and Conclude
    • Disadvatages
      • Lengthy process may be out of date
      • Subjective
    • Advantage
      • Can compare past to present

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