Struggle for Identity Themes

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  • Identity Framework
    • Gender
      • The Handmaid's Tale
        • Women are the main victims in the society- The Handmaid's identity is taken by the male who controls them and are a property
          • Offred and the Handmaids have no rights, leaving women like Offred as a "walking womb",
        • Aunts claim the Handmaids have gained 'freedom from' domestic violence, rape and sexual harassment whereas Offred's mother who uses "freedom to"
      • Death of a Salesman
        • Linda Loman- Treated as inferior by Willy. In the stage direction [pulling Ben away from her impatiently], the word [impatiently] shows Willy feels Lindas thoughts aren't important
          • Willy feels this as she is unsuccessful due to her position in society which is at home- She is living in a patriarchal house where she is placed in a subordinate position
      • Salome
        • Presents a strong and independent women- In the religious context, she asked for johns head and the modern juxtaposition emphasise how she keeps doing it,
    • Community
      • Knowing Me
        • "She doesn't have an identity crisis"- He draws in a community identity and how everyone is playing the "alienation game"
          • However, he mainly reflects on his own identity crisis-"I don't have an identity crisis" is repeated throughout, suggesting he feels unheard,
      • All my Sons
        • The drama takes place in a small suburbian community in American, providing a surreal and ironically normal backdrop for Joes secrets,
      • Small Island
        • Metaphor of "we are in another war" meaning the battle of racism- Creates a sense of community in black migrants
    • History
      • Small Island-
        • Presents how Britain is seen as the "mother country" and how colonies adapted to British life and racism,
      • All my Sons
        • Presents post-war problems and how people return to suburban life and deal with lives los- Shown in natural imagery of fruit "clinging" to branches",
      • Salome
        • Discusses the history of her previous murders as well as biblical references to how she asked for Johns head on a platter,
    • Home
      • All my Sons
        • The drama takes place in a small suburbian community in American, providing a surreal and ironically normal backdrop for Joes secrets,
      • old Tongue
        • Metaphor -"new words marched in" - Military image of invasion and how it is force,
      • Small Island
        • Although Britain is described as the "mother country", there is a fell of abandonment and isolation for Jamaicans and not respected,
    • Religion
      • Beauty Queen of Leenane
        • Religion used as a colloquialism- Maureen is presented as Ireland who is oppressed by Mag, England, just as England forced an anti-Catholic atmosphere on the Irish,
      • The Handmaid's Tale
        • The cushion in her room with the word "Faith" as her own personal rebellion- She imagines I belonged to a three cushion set with "hope and love"
          • However, Offred has been denied love and hope and told to have faith,
      • Salome
        • Strong religious context of the women who asked for Johns head- Juxtaposes with modern language
    • Society
      • The Handmaid's Tale
        • Presented as dystopian society where women have little rights and society controls and oppress people's lives- "walking womb"
      • Small Island
        • Society is presented as racist and unfair and juxtaposes the views of colonies of the "mother country"
      • We Refugees
        • "And why should we live in fear of the weather or the troubles"- Continues sense society is unfair,
    • Culture/ Ethnicity
      • In my Country
        • Structure- Ironic that there is a lack of capitals and  punctuation to emphasise the women's views on her
      • Small island
        • "like vermin
          • Represents the racial prejudice against the black Americans in the smiley
      • our Country's Good
        • The Aborigine is isolated in its own scene "best to leave it alone"- Highlights the little power they have,
    • Class
      • Give
        • "i'm on my knees. I beg of you"- Sense he is of a lower class and inferior,
      • All my Sons
        • The Keller family are presented as a middle class family who have worked hard for their stability and comfort,
      • The Handmaid's Tale
        • Women are grouped into classes- Handmaid, Wife, Econowife, Martha and restricted with colour coding
    • Sexuality
      • Catcher in the Rye
        • Holden is confused about his sexuality. He calls and blames the adult world as being "phoney" as he is scared of the idea of sexual freedom and growing up in general,
      • Mrs RIP Van Periwinkle
        • The women in the poem finds greater freedom without he husbands sexual urges as emphasises with the sibilance at the start "sinking like  a stone"
          • but changes to mood of annoyance when he wakes up,
      • Death of a Salesman
        • Ms Forsythe and Letta are characters Happy meets in DoaS. He values these women for only being "beautiful girls"
          • The women are described with other materialistic objects "own apartment, a car and plenty of women", suggesting Happy treats them with little meaning and worth,

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