Identity and gender

  • Created by: jesskeayy
  • Created on: 26-04-17 11:34
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  • Identity and gender
    • Identity is a sense of self that someone has of who they are, and what is important about them
    • WEEKS
      • Identity is about belonging, about what you have in common with some people and what differentiates you from others
    • COOLEY
      • Looking-Glass Self. An individual's sense of self is shaped by their perception of how others see them.
        • The individual hold up a metaphorical mirror to imagine how others judge their behaviours and appearnace
    • Primary Identity
      • Our sense of self
    • Secondary identity
      • The roles we play in society
    • We develop a sense of meaning of who we are in a number of ways:
      • 1. We are told who we are by others
      • 2. We choose different identities depending on where we are
      • 3. Identity may give us meaning and we wear obvious signs of this
      • 4. Identities imposed on us (ASCRIBED STATUSES)
      • 5. Identities we have chosen (ACHIEVED STATUSES)
    • OAKLEY
      • The traits of being masculine and feminine are learned through the agents of socialisation
      • By the age of five, most children have rigid ideas about what is acceptable for boys and girls
    • FARLEY
      • Western expected male identities: leadership, control, decision making, active, unemotional and aggressive
      • Western expected female identities: Physical dependency, weakness, emotional, lack of control, passive, caring and family oreintated
    • Media stereotyping of gender roles is so powerful, it is difficult to avoid gender socialisation and gendered behaviours
      • The portrayal of body image in the media also has a powerful influence on the development of gender identities, self-esteem and our sense of self
    • The ideas of gender identity have become less fixed than the used to e.g. gender freedom for women to pursue a career
      • This career is usually different to the idea of a 'traditional' housewife/ mother. This is said to case uncertainty about gender roles within the home


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