Hurricane Katrina

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  • Hurricane Katrina - August 2005
    • causes
      • level 5 hurricane
      • strom surge of 5m
      • winds of 195 km/h
      • 49% of city below sea level
      • years of little maintainance work protecting levees
    • impacts
      • short term
        • 1836 dead, 705 mising
        • 50 breaches in levees, flooded 80% of cities, mostly poor black area
        • 90% of population evacuated
        • 3 mil people lost power and phone lines
        • water polluting
        • looting
        • high-rise builkdings suffered wind damage
      • long term
        • water and mosquito borne diseases Eg West Nile Fever
        • erosion of beaches and islands- 562km2
        • 20% of coastal habitats destroyed
        • 1 million people relucant to travel home putting stress on evacuation areas
        • 30 oil platforms and 9 refineries put out of action - 20% of US capacity causing oil prices to rise
        • 5300km2 of commercial forest lost
        • long term damage to cotton- causing unemploymen
        • higher insurance costs, people not  able to get it
    • redeucing impacts/ planning
      • predictions were considered good
      • computer models gave very good assessment of areas most at risk by 26th Aug
      • flood protection Levees in place
      • local state plans initiated by declaration of state emergancy on Aug 27th
      • 57 emergancy shelters opened and 32 extra opened
      • plans followed several practice drills
      • 60,000 national guard troops ready and coast guards on standby
      • constant media coverage but evacuation only took place 19 hours before impacts
      • 80% evacuated but infrastructure shut down
    • responses and recovery
      • coast guard rescued over 35,000 people
      • FEMA put out 28 search and rescue teams
      • FEMA provided 85 million litres of water, 50 million meals, and rehoused 700,000 people into trailers
      • red cross supplied 68 million meals and shelter for 1.4 million families
      • salvatrion army set up 178 canteen units and gave emotionals and spiritual aid to 277,000 people
      • 100m3 of  debris removes and 2414km on channels cleared
      • US army corpse reinforced and raised 354km of levees
      • FEMA gave $5.5 billion given to rebuild
      • government gave $17 billion for rebuilding

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