Hungary 1956

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  • Hungary 1956
    • Post WW2
      • Occupied by red army
      • Made sure that Hungary was governed by leadership cooperative with the USSR
        • Initially successful
          • 1939 Hungary firmly part of eastern bloc
          • Matya Rakosi (loyal Stalinist)
            • Dealt with opponents = salami tactics
              • Sliced of resistance & anti-communist bit by bit
                • Only supporters left
    • Rakosi
      • Years leading up to 1956 - Totalitarian regime
        • Based on obedience to state control
          • Stalinist model of communism
          • Economic policies of collectivisation
            • Resources pulled together & sold by the state
              • Economic growth remained slow
                • Stalinist model of communism
                • Unable to make enough consumer goods to raise living standards
                • mid 1950s Many people tired of his regime
          • Cult of personality
            • Media made Godlike image of himself
    • Post Stalin's death 1933
      • De-Stalinisation
        • Remove Totalitarian leadership
      • Found this as an excuse to get rid of Rakosi
        • Strikes demanding Rakosi's removal
        • Khrushchev allowed this
          • Withdrew Red army
    • Post Rakosi
      • Imre Nagy = most favoured
        • October 24 1956
        • announced economic & political reforms
          • Democracy
          • Freedom of speech
          • Freedom of religion
          • freedom= 1 week
        • November 1 1956 announced Hungary will become neutral & leave warsaw pact
          • Khrushchev could not accept this
            • Could influence other states
            • Undermine soviet security
            • November 4 1956 ordered red army back into Hungary
              • Soviet tanks took control of major bridges & junctions
                • 20,000 Hungarians & 3000 soviets died
            • Janos Kadar  = leader of Hungary
          • Later executed
    • USA & UN
      • Did little to help
        • Radio Free Europe
          • Sponsored by US
          • Encouraged Hungarians to revolt
      • Worried if they interfere there would be a risk of nuclear war
      • 1956 France, Britain,Israel vs Egypt
        • Stop from nationalising Suez Canal
          • Regain western control
            • Eisenhower condemned the attack & forced their withdrawl
          • Remove Nasser from power

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