Humanistic Approach

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  • Created by: Beverley
  • Created on: 15-05-13 14:06
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  • Humanistic Approach
    • Basic Assumption
      • people have a unique experience of the world (have own phenomenology)
      • emphasis on the self
        • differences between the perceived self and ideal self
        • conditions of worth
      • behavior is motivated by the heirachy of need
      • people have free will to determine their destiny
        • compared with determinism of the behaviourist and biological approach
    • Case study
      • none! all client based therapy
      • Carl Rogers theory of conditions of worth
      • Maslow suggested the heirachy of needs
    • Evaluation
      • Weaknesses
        • Unscientific
          • rejects scientific methods and principles. Which means they can't be properly investigated
        • concepts of self and  self-actualization may not apply in other cultures
        • the focus on the individual means that generalisations can't be made about all human behaviour
        • perhaps  unrealistically optimistic
          • maybe some people can never self-actualise
      • Strengths
        • client-centered therapy effective for minor problems and led to the growth of counselling
        • credits the person as being responsible for their own behaviour
        • offers a more optimistic view of human nature than the  psychodynamic  approach
    • Application
      • Client-centered therapy
        • should be empathetic (appreciating the client's feelings)
        • should be holistic    (considering all aspects of a person)
    • Research Methods
      • Therapy


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