Humanistic approach

  • Created by: Georgia
  • Created on: 30-05-19 15:49
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  • Humanistic approach
    • Basic assumptions
      • Every individual is unique and in control of their actions
      • People should be viewed holistically
      • Scientific method is inappropriate
    • Free will; full responsibility for our actions
    • Self actualisation; achievement of full potential
    • Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
      • Physiological needs > Safety needs > Belonging and love > Self-esteem > Self-actualisation
    • Rogers' 'self' theory
      • Self-concept; how we perceive ourselves
      • Ideal self; what we wish to be
      • Real self; who we actually are
      • Congruence; where ideal self = real self
    • Evaluation
      • Subjectivity of an individual is difficult to test
      • Unscientific so not supported by empirical evidence
      • Idiographic so pays more attention to each individual
      • Practical applications
        • Client centred therapy (CCT)
          • Therapist makes client feel important and accepted
            • More honest responses to questions = more effective therapy
    • Influence on councelling
      • Client centred therapy (CCT)
        • Therapist makes client feel important and accepted
          • More honest responses to questions = more effective therapy

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