Humanistic Approach

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  • Created on: 23-04-18 17:13
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  • Humanistic Approach
    • Free Will
      • Psychology should concern itself with the study of subjective experience - referred to as a person centred approach.
        • Humanistic psychology claims humans are self-determining and have free will.
          • We are active agents who have the ability to determine our own development.
    • Self-actualisation
      • Humanistic psychologists regard personal growth as an essential part of what it is to be human.
      • Self-actualisation represents the uppermost level of Maslows needs hierarcy. Deficiency, growth needs.
        • Every person has an innate tendency to achieve their full potential.
      • Personal growth concerned with developing and changing as a person to become fulfiled.
    • The self, congruence and conditions of worth
      • Worthlessness and low self esteem have their roots in childhood, explained by lack of unconditional positive regard from parents.
        • Important psychological barriers that may prevent a person reaching their full potential.
          • Rogers saw one of his roles as a therapist as being able to to provide his clients with the unconditional positive regard they failed to get as children.
      • Rogers argued that for personal growth to be achieved an individuals concept of self must be equivalent to or have congruence with their ideal self.
        • Rogers developed client-centred therapy, to reduce the gap between the self concept and ideal self, also helps people cope with problems of everyday living.
    • If the gap is too big between the two selves, they will experience a state of incongruence
    • A parent who sets boundaries or limits their love for their child stores up psychological problems for that child in the future.


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