Humanistic

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  • Created by: KayshaN
  • Created on: 17-01-18 10:28
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  • Humanistic
    • Free Will
      • all other approaches are deterministic
      • very different
      • humans self determining have free will
      • doesn't mean not affected by external or internal influences
      • active agents, person-centered application
    • The self congruence and conditions of worth
      • Rogers- for personal growth individuals concept of self must be equivalent to the ideal self
        • if gap too big- incongruence and self-actualization not possible do to negative feeling of self worth
          • to reduce the gap, client centered therapy
            • many issues as adults roots from childhood and lacked unconditional positive regard from parents 'I will only love you if'
      • many issues as adults roots from childhood and lacked unconditional positive regard from parents 'I will only love you if'
    • Positives
      • Positive- praised for bringing the person back into psychology. refreshing and optimistic
      • Not Reductionist- rejects trying to break up behavior and experience. Advocate of holism approach, subjective experience only understood by considering the whole person. more validity bc consider meaningful human behavior in life context
    • Negatives
      • Limited application- little real world application. Rogers therapy revolutionized therapy BUT limited impacts as lack sound evidence and loose set of abstract concepts. Not very scientific.
      • Cultural Bias- more readily associated with individualist cultures. Western world. Collectivist cultures need groups approval not well travelled
      • Untestable Concepts- vague ideas. Self actualization and congruence are useful therapeutically but problematic to asses in experimental conditions. Antiscientific.

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