Human Genome Project

  • Created by: NinaTan
  • Created on: 12-01-18 18:49
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  • Human Genome Project
    • International  scientific research  project with the goals of:
      • -  To work out the order or sequence of all the three billion base pairs in the human genome
        • - To identify all the genes
          • - To develop faster methods for sequencing DNA
    • A genome is the genetic material of an organism
    • The sequencing project finished in 2001, and work continues to identify all the genes in the human genome.
      • It is important because it uses information from DNA to develop new ways to treat, cure, or even prevent the thousands of diseases that afflict humankind
    • Benefits
      • Improved genetic testing
      • Location of genes that might be linked to increased chances of inheriting a disease
      • New gene therapy treatments
      • New knowledge of how humans have evolved
      • Personalised medicines
    • Applications
      • Genotyping of specific viruses for appropriate treatment
      • The design of medication and more accurate prediction of their effects
      • Identification of mutations linked to different forms of cancer
    • Issues
      • Employers and health insurance companies would refuse to hire or provide insurance to people because of a health concern indicated by someone's genes
      • Patients expect more from their doctors'
      • The sequence of the DNA is stored in databases available to anyone on the Internet.

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