Howlin' Wolf - I'm Leavin' You

- Harmony

- Melody

- Texture

- Structure

- Tonality

- Rhythm and Metre

- Performing Forces and Handling

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  • Howlin' Wolf
    • Harmony
      • Standard 12 bar blues sequence
      • G7, C9, G7, D7, C9, G7, D flat- D9
      • Last bar (dominant) prepares ear for return to tonic in next repetition of sequence- turnaround
      • Improvised 7ths and 9ths extensions to decorate chords (Bars 9 and 12)
    • Melody
      • Pentatonic shapes- F, G, Bb, C, D
      • Frequent blue notes, Bb and F, clash with diatonic harmonies
      • Dialogue between vocal and lead guitar parts
      • Vocal melody consists of a series of 1 bar phrases
    • Texture
      • Mostly homophonic in verses with strong chordal accompaniment as backing for vocals
      • Dialogue between voice and lead guitar
      • Stop time features in first 3 bars of verses 2, 3, 5 and 6
    • Structure
      • 6 choruses of standard 12 bar blues with short intro and 'repeat and fade' coda
      • Bars 1-2 - introduction- guitar break
      • Bars 3-14 - verse 1- vocals, rhythm guitar riff and lead guitar with piano improvisation
      • Bars 14-26 - verse 2, Bars 26-38 - verse 3- stop time at opening
      • Bars 39-50 - guitar solo/ verse 4- guitar and wordless vocals/ harmonies
      • Bars 50-62 - verse 5, Bars 62-74 - verse 6- stop time at opening
      • Bars 51- end - coda/ fade with improvised vocal lines over repeated guitar riff
    • Tonality
      • G major throughout
      • No modulations
      • Some modal inflections in blue notes in vocal and instrumental parts
    • Rhythm and Metre
      • Use of triplets
      • 4/4 time with shuffle/ swung rhythm
      • Semiquaver grouping ending with scotch snap
      • Snare drum backbeats on beats 2 and 4
      • Syncopation in all parts at times
    • Performing Forces and Handling
      • Overall range of a minor 10th
      • Mostly syllabic with some 2 notes melismas
      • Wordless vocalisations
      • Double- stopped thirds and monophonic licks on lead guitar
      • Slides and bends
      • Piano comps chords with extensions of 7ths and 9ths
      • Shuffle/ swung rhythm

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