Elizabeth's Government cope with domestic problems

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  • How successfully did Elizabeth's government cope with the domestic problems facing it?
    • Social unrest
      • 1586
        • Food riots in Gloucester, Wiltshire and Somerset
        • Trade recession and grain hoarding
        • Starvation in Cumbria
      • 1595
        • Food riots in London
        • JPs empowered to search for and seize grain
      • 1596
        • Oxfordshire rising
          • Plan to take weapons from Norris's house and march on London
        • Rising ruthlessly crushed
      • Poor law
        • Guy - valued as placebo and lessened enclosure riots as showed gov't cared
        • Lasted until 1834
    • Plague
      • London burials double 1592-3
      • High death rate 1603
      • Plague Orders 1592-3
        • Victims quarantined and special rates levied for victims
    • Vagrancy
      • Poor law 1601 meant dealt with swiftly and at Parish level - Slack
      • Relief established for passing soldiers, and pensions
      • little achieved in setting up houses of correction
    • Corruption in the Government
      • Goring died owning the crown £20,000
      • Burghley took £3000+
      • Sir Roger Manwood suspended for selling a clerkship
    • War Effort
      • 1589 500 unpaid soldiers in London
      • 1596 Mutinies in Colchester vs being sent abroad
      • Yorkshire officials refuse to collect ship money
      • Elizabeth never went bankrupt
      • Although purveyance and monopolies unpopular, less outcry than Charles I
      • Irish rebellion crushed
      • Expeditions launched vs Spain
      • Crown lands sold - problem for the future
    • Essex's Rebellion
      • Narrow court
      • Essex supported by impoverished nobles
      • Essex indulged by Elizabeth - Loades
      • Essex arrogant and impulsive
      • Took 2 councillors hostage
      • Elizabeth stripped Essex of place on council and title of Earl Marshal, and removed monopoly of sweet wines
        • "An unruly horse must be abated of his provender" - Elizabeth
      • Queen's guard doubled
      • Essex arrested, tried and executed
    • Ireland
      • Full scale rebellion
      • Tyrone had professional army
      • defeated English troop at Yellowford
      • Munster and most of Ireland lost
      • Essex's army suffered from desertion
      • Mountjoy's campaign defeated and ejected Spanish troops at Kinsale
      • Regained Munster and pushed Tyrone back to Ulster
      • Costly
      • Tyron reinstated as Chief Lord of Ulster
    • Succession
      • Elizabeth refused to name successor - possibility of civil war
      • Cecil negotiated secretly with James I and within hours he was proclaimed and accepted as King
    • Conflict with Parliament
      • 1601 Elizabeth promised to review monopolies and cancelled 12
      • Set up committee to review purveyance and by 1597 most counties compounded
      • 1601 monopolies denounced by Martin as "bloodsuckers"
      • 1589 Parlt attempt bill vs purveyance

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