How power can be maintained

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  • How power can be maintained
    • Superpowers have shifted the maintenance of their power from colonial rule to indirect neo-colonial rule
    • Following the end of colonial rule, decolonisation occured but brought about conflict rather than immediate freedom for 3 main reasons
      • 1) Colonial boarders did not match religious or ethnic boundaries
      • 2) Colonies had a government but indigenous people were excluded from running them so when the colonial rule was removed there was not enough experience
      • 3) As colonial powers left, insurgents pushed them out= violence
    • Named Example: Colonialism - India
      • In India today there are still symbols of colonial power such as the residence of the governor general of India in Delhi
      • Culture was also spread through British traditions such as cricket, tea drinking and the English language
      • India became modernised so that the economy could serve Britain more effectivley e.g. building of railway system improved transport etc.
      • Independence was granted in 1947 but this plunged India into a period of chaos
    • Neo-colonialism refers to a form of indirect control over developing countries, most of them former colonies
    • In this direct political control decreased whilst economic control increased though
    • Economic dependence on primary goods - issues created with trade as these goods have low export prices compare with high prices the developing world must pay for manufactured goods
    • Economic dominance of multinational companies -foreign direct investment e.g. manufacturing located in developing world
    • Impact of foreign aid and debt - developing countries have to pay huge interest
    • Strategic alliances- USA allied with many developing nations to spread their global influence
    • Aid- often given with 'strings attached'

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