The Cause of the Breakout of Civil War 1455

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  • How far were military defeats in France responsible for the outbreak of civil conflict in 1455?
    • Loss of France
      • Where the York and Somerset feud begins
        • No evidence they disliked each other before the loss
      • Discredits Henry's government
        • York's letter to Shrewsbury
      • May have triggered Henry's nervous breakdown in 1453
    • Weak Monarchy
      • "Shabby treatment" of York
      • Poor choice of favourites
        • Suffolk corrupt
        • Somerset poor military leader
          • Loss of France
            • Where the York and Somerset feud begins
              • No evidence they disliked each other before the loss
            • Discredits Henry's government
              • York's letter to Shrewsbury
            • May have triggered Henry's nervous breakdown in 1453
        • Somerset dominating
          • York's letter to Shrewsbury 1452
      • Unable to solve feuds
        • Percy vs Neville spills over into St Albans
        • ignites Warwick vs Somerset
        • York vs Somerset
        • "Escalation of private feuds... did not themselves provoke the Wars of the Roses...yet the private feuds made possible York's later attempts to force himself into power" - Lander
      • Extravagant
        • Lack of Royal Funds
          • Restricted grants of patronage
          • Owes York large sums of money
    • Overmighty Subjects
      • Weak Monarchy
        • "Shabby treatment" of York
        • Poor choice of favourites
          • Suffolk corrupt
          • Somerset poor military leader
            • Somerset dominating
              • York's letter to Shrewsbury 1452
          • Unable to solve feuds
            • Percy vs Neville spills over into St Albans
            • ignites Warwick vs Somerset
            • York vs Somerset
            • "Escalation of private feuds... did not themselves provoke the Wars of the Roses...yet the private feuds made possible York's later attempts to force himself into power" - Lander
          • Extravagant
            • Lack of Royal Funds
              • Restricted grants of patronage
              • Owes York large sums of money
        • Somerset
          • Provoked York at the Council of Leicester 1455
          • Handed over Rouen without a fight
            • Always bound to happen, they would never have accepted an English King
          • Can only stay in power as long as the King supports him
        • York
          • Raised armies against the King
          • Demanded Somerset be handed over
            • "Unacceptable demand of a King's favourite - Griffiths
          • Victim of Shabby Treatment
            • Sent to Ireland
            • Kept off the King's Council
            • Left feeling isolated after his bills were ignored
        • Warwick
          • Provoked York to attack at St Albans
          • Provoked by Henry

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