How far was the USA a divided society in the 1920s- Rich Vs poor

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  • Created by: Heather
  • Created on: 09-03-14 10:43
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  • How far was the USA a divided society in the 1920s? Rich Vs Poor
    • Poor
      • Black People-10% of the population
        • Most blacks live in the south doing agricultural work,
          • Farming is in the decline so one million black workers were sacked from their jobs so they migrated to the cities for work=low pay
          • They lived in squalor and misery and seen as the inferior race,
          • Living conditions were terrible and they were treated badly with low pay,
        • Many blacks suffered at the hands of the Ku Klux Klan
      • Poor Immigrants who were not WASPs
        • WASPs=White Anglo-Saxon Protestant,
        • They were seen as a threat to American culture and living standards,
        • native Americans lived on reservations in parts of the USA,
      • Predominating white groups
        • Workers in old industries didn't benefit from the boom,
          • Old industries in North USA were exploited with bad working conditions and low wages like coal mining, textiles etc,
      • American Families,
        • In 1929, 60% of the population are below the poverty line of $2,000 a year,
        • 71% of families earn less than $2,500
        • 1/3 of American wealth was led by 5% of the population,
        • Children were exploited in the textiles industry and agricultural work,
          • Up to 2 million 14-15 year olds were working for 11 hours a day with low pay,
      • Farmers
        • They struggled due to over-production and low prices of food,
        • Before WW1, demand had been high got food exports but due to isolationism, tariff barriers meant farmers fell into debt and lost land,
        • New synthetic fibres such as rayon reduced the demand for cotton,
        • Many farmers experienced the Great Depression before the Wall Street Crash,
        • Farmers cant may the mortgage so are homeless so sell land and are evicted,
        • Lots of farm workers lose their jobs,
      • Coal Miners
        • There is a greater demand for oil and gas so demand for coal decreases,
        • wages decrease and they go on strike,
        • Mines close due to overproduction and job losses,
    • Rich
      • Business men,
      • Stock market,
      • Entertainment industry,
      • Mass production industries like rubber, glass, steel etc,
      • Illegal clubs and alcohol,
      • Mafia,
  • Coal Miners
    • There is a greater demand for oil and gas so demand for coal decreases,
    • wages decrease and they go on strike,
    • Mines close due to overproduction and job losses,

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