Resistance to change

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  • Created by: Emily
  • Created on: 10-06-15 14:24
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  • How far do you agree that writing in the pastoral tradition reflects a resistance to change
    • Tess
      • Modern developments and change portrayed negatively
        • The railways 'poor enough terrestrial star' stood in humiliating contrast to natures 'celestial ones'
          • The countryside- and therefore tradition- presented as better than modernity and change
        • The 'hissing' of the train
          • Choice of hissing- references to Satan in Eden, and corruption of nature
      • Social change- Tess's suffering is a result of being caught between changing worlds
        • Angel symbolises changes in ideas, e.g. spirituality
          • 'rather ideally'
          • Alec and Angel are the cause of Tess's suffering- linking change to distress
        • Alec represents social change- a middle class family posing as nobility
          • 'everything looked like money'
          • Alec and Angel are the cause of Tess's suffering- linking change to distress
      • Hardy shows resistance to mechanisation in 'The consequence'
        • Threshing machine- 'red tyrant', 'insatiable swallower'
          • Analyse tyrant- mechanisation as cruel and oppressive
        • Engineer- 'creature of the trophet', 'plutonic master', 'served fire and smoke'
          • Hellish imagery- expresses Hardy's view on agricultural change
    • Pastoral Poetry
      • Agricultural developments are portrayed as against nature
        • The Mower against Gardens
          • 'Adulterate fruit'
            • Adulterate- suggests sinful, against God, corrupt
          • 'forbidden mixtures'
            • 'Forbidden' demonstrates extreme resistance- it is not allowed
      • National change has negative consequences
        • The Deserted Village
          • 'A garden, and a grave'
            • While Britain blooms the countryside .
          • 'Wealth accumulates and men decay'
          • 'Virtues fled'
            • Change leads to rural virtues
          • Changes force rural people to emigrate
            • to 'poisonous fields' and 'intolerable days'
      • Social commentary suggests change is necessary
        • Elegy
          • Poverty prevented rural people reaching their potential
            • 'Chill Penury repressed rage'
            • Prevented them from being the next 'Hampden', 'Milton' or 'Cromwell'
            • 'Their lot forbad'
            • The  voice suggests this is unfair- it is implied that he would welcome change
    • AYLI
      • Change presented positively
        • Duke Fredericks conversion
          • 'Thrown into neglect the pompous court'
        • Oliver's change of character
          • Comparison of Orlando and Oliver at the start of the play and at the end
      • Change is responsible for resolution of issues and uniting lovers
        • Move from court to forest has positive effects...
          • Allows Rosalind and Orlando to confess their love for each other
          • Oliver's change of character
            • Comparison of Orlando and Oliver at the start of the play and at the end

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