How did Hitler challenge and exploit the TOV?

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  • How did Hitler challenge and exploit the TOV?
    • Hitler's aims and foreign policy.
      • Acheiving Hitlers aims.
        • By taking back land that was given away in the TOV
        • Bring the 7 million German speaking people back into his empire
        • Build up the German army
        • Expand in the east, against the USSR
      • Hitler's  aims.
        • To unite all German speaking people
    • German Rearmament
      • Disarmament conference
        • It was obvious France would never disarm.
          • Hitler used this to his advantage
        • Germany claimed that they were willing to disarm.
          • But only if other countries did too.
        • Germany began to rearm, introducing conscription in 1935.
      • Why was it not stopped?
        • Many in Britain felt the TOV was unfair on Germany
        • France felt the opposit to Britain. and felt that the TOV needed to be harsher
    • Ten-year non-aggression pact
      • Signed a pact with Poland with guaranteed the boundaries of Poland.
      • It was to secure the Polish corridor
      • It pleased Britain as it meant Germany had accepted the frontier with poland
      • Britain saw it as proof that Hitler's  aims were peacful
    • Failed anschluss
      • Hitler encouraged the Austrian Nazi Party to rebel resulting in the murder of the Austrian Chancellor Dollfuss
      • It looked as if Hitler's aim of the reunification of Germany and Austria was going to be achieved.
      • It was prevented by Mussolini moving his army to the border of Austria.
      • Hitler realised he was not strong enough and had to back down.
    • Anglo-German Naval agreement and Rearmament
      • German willingness to sign is further proof to Britain of their good intention
      • 35%/1/3 of British Navy
      • By 1938 Germany had 800,000 men, 47 new boats and 200,000 air craft
    • Return of the Saar
      • 1935 - Pebicite and 90% voted to rejoin Germany
      • Consequences
        • Made Hitler very popular
        • Britain and France did not object
      • Did not go against TOV
    • Remilertarisation of the Rhineland
      • 1936 - German soldiers march into rhineland
      • Broke TOV and Lacarno pact
      • Told them to retreat if France apposed
      • Followed up by 25 year non agression promise
      • Concequences
        • Britain did not think Hitler was doing anything wrong
        • Hitler had successfully overturned treaty - confident
        • Lead to Rome- Berlin axis: Happened at same time as Absynian Crisis
        • Britain Rearm
        • French build Maginot line
    • Anschluss with Austria
      • Was forbidden by TOV
      • Riots started in Austria, Chancellor Schushnigg asked Hitler fdor help
      • Hitler succeeded and Schuschnigg called for a plebicite
      • Hitler could not afford for the vote not to be in his favour
      • Hitler marches troops to the border to demand a call off of the plebicite.
      • Schuschnigg resigns and Seyss-Inquart relplaces him
  • Disarmament conference
    • It was obvious France would never disarm.
      • Hitler used this to his advantage
    • Germany claimed that they were willing to disarm.
      • But only if other countries did too.
    • Germany began to rearm, introducing conscription in 1935.

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