How and why did the Nazi party come to power in 1933?

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  • How and why did the Nazi party come to power in 1933?
    • May 1928 election - 2.6% of vote, 12 seats in Reichstag.
      • July 1932 election - 37.8% of vote, 230 seats in Reichstag.
    • Effect of the Great Depression.
      • American loans called back.
      • After the Wall Street Crash, America gave Germany 90 days to start to re-pay money loaned to her.
      • Companies throughout Germany bankrupt.
        • September 1930 - 3,000,000 people unemployed.
      • Savings lost, banks closed.
      • USA, the largest purchaser of German exports, put up tariff barriers to protect its own companies. Germany endured a sharp downturn in export sales.
      • By 1932, German industrial production had fallen to just 58% of its 1928 levels.
    • Fear of Communism.
      • Grew out of Spartacist movement.
        • KPD hoped that the unemployed working class would blame business leaders and those who supported a capitalist society.
        • 1919 uprising.
    • Appeal of Hitler and propaganda.
      • Policies.
        • Opposed to Communism.
        • Social policies appealed to many.
        • Claimed he would abolish the Treaty of Versailles.
        • NSDAP 25 points.
      • Credible right wing alternative.
      • Belief in the supremacy of the German race.
      • Joseph Goebbels.
      • 'Hitler über Deutschland'.
      • Hitler Youth - In January 1933, only 50,000 members, but by the end of the year this figure had increased to more than 2 million.
      • 'People's receiver'.
    • Backstairs intrigue.
      • Hitler's tentative deal with Von Papen.
    • Reichstag Fire.
      • Hitler blamed Communists.

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