Henry VII and the Nobility

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  • How accurate is it to say that Henry VII was successful in establishing authority over the nobility?
    • Limited the size of the nobility - easier to control
      • Very small number of patronages granted in comparison to Edward IV
      • Granted patronages < No. nobilities dying
        • Unnatural extinction
    • Overmighty Subjects
      • Lack of close male relatives
      • Controlled marriages between nobility
        • Prevent new, powerful heirs being created
      • Percys and Staffords kept under close surveillance
        • Buckingham and Northumberland not allowed to take control of their property inherited until Henry was convinced of their loyalty
      • Stanleys were closely watched as their growing power and wealth may have been a threat
    • Patronage
      • Very small number of patronages granted in comparison to Edward IV
      • Did not try to buy  the loyalty of the nobility
      • Patronage had to be earned
        • Loyalty and ability
    • Punishment
      • Attainding
        • Surrey had his lands taken when Henry became King, but they were restored when he had proved his loyalty in 1489
      • Bonds and Recognisances
        • Lord Dacre was forced to make a bond of £2000 in 1506
    • Made retaining illegal
      • Overmighty Subjects
        • Lack of close male relatives
        • Controlled marriages between nobility
          • Prevent new, powerful heirs being created
        • Percys and Staffords kept under close surveillance
          • Buckingham and Northumberland not allowed to take control of their property inherited until Henry was convinced of their loyalty
        • Stanleys were closely watched as their growing power and wealth may have been a threat
      • Still relied on Northumberland's force when dealing with the Yorkshire Rebellion
      • Prevent Overmighty subjects gaining power
      • Reduction of no. of retainers magnates kept
      • Controlled it, but did not illuminate it - Still around during Elizabeth's reign

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