How were criminals punished between c1500-1700?

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  • How were criminals punished between c1500-1700?
    • Early Prisons
      • It was a secure room in the local castle or gatehouse where offenders were held, until their trials were carried out.
      • It was introduced in the 16th century.
      • The inmates were punished by doing hard labour and were encouraged habits of hard work.
      • Petty criminals, vagrants and drunk and disorderly offenders were punished here.
      • The limitations...
        • This sort of early prison did not work that well
        • A new, more purposeful type of prison was opened up.
          • to punish poor people who had broken the law.
          • to house poor children who were homeless or orphaned.
    • Bloody Code
      • It was the intention at the time of creating a strong deterrent so that crime rates would reduce.
      • It was introduced during the 17th century.
      • It punished criminals by the death penalty - even for small crimes e.g. poaching for food
      • It punished anyone that had committed a crime "worthy" of capital punishment.
      • The limitations were...
        • system = flawed and ineffective
        • penalties = too harsh
        • criminals could receive a pardon
    • Transportation to North America
      • It was a new form of punishment, where transported prisoners were taken in chains to the east coast of North America.
      • It started in 1610 and ended in 1776.
      • It punished the criminals by making them work for a fixed period doing manual labour - cleaning trees or doing farm work.
      • It punished people who were meant to be executed but instead were transported - especially young men
      • The limitations were...
        • People who were later freed could not go back home because they could not afford the price to get back.
        • Otherwise it was successful.

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