Cold War - Japan successes

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  • How Successful Were the US in Meeting Their Aims for Japan?
    • Economic
      • SCAP (Mac) attempts to break cartels - FAILS
        • Cartels dominated industry - needed to change
      • Mac reduces reparations
        • Mac 'American God'
        • Helps in recovery of JPN
      • Mac persuaded congress to send more financial aid
        • Helps in recovery of JPN
      • Break domination of land lords so peasants are able to own land
    • Social
      • Social reforms
        • Women's suffrage;education (based on US); family
          • MODEL STATE
          • Young people became more political due to reforms - became WESTERNISED
      • Japanese respect the US and welcome the change
      • Thought highly of Mac due to his respectful attitude
        • Mac 'American God'
    • Military
      • JPN's military government was completely replaced - new congress based off of US
        • MODEL STATE
      • Prominent war criminals were killed - prevent uprisings
    • Political
      • Secured themselves a Cold War ally
        • Shift from original policy (and SCAP - Mac powers reduced in '48)
      • The new constitution created (May '47) was favoured by many
    • Mac ordered for food to be sent in early '46
      • Prevented starvation - people of JPN warm to USA
      • Political
        • Secured themselves a Cold War ally
          • Shift from original policy (and SCAP - Mac powers reduced in '48)
        • The new constitution created (May '47) was favoured by many
      • Originally demilitarised after surrender in Aug '45
        • Begin to remilitarise fully in '52, back tracking on original policies
          • Military
            • JPN's military government was completely replaced - new congress based off of US
              • Prominent war criminals were killed - prevent uprisings
            • Unsuccessful in terms of original aims, successful in the long term

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