How Successful were the leaders in achieving unification?

  • Created by: hastr010
  • Created on: 21-05-18 10:00
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  • How Successful were the Italian leaders in achieving unification?
    • Mazzini
      • Was involved with and/or created Young Italy, Carbonari, Roman Republic
      • Mazzini was unable to appeal to Lower classes as he was an intellectual and he got his ideas across through the use of essays
      • He believed in Nationalism and not using foreign influence
      • believed Austrians could be driven out by Italian people and that the centralised Italy must be a democratic republic
      • Planned for uprising in 1932 in Naples, organised mutiny in Piedmontese army, rising in savoy, attempted coup in Piedmonet when he was condemmed to death. None of these were successful
      • Created the Roman republic - lasted 100 days. Many Romans took inspiration from this despite it not being that succesful
    • Giobertti
      • Believed that the papacy and Rome were important and suggested having a federation led by the Pope. was not Radical, did not wants a revolution or foreign influence
    • Balbo
      • Asked the King of Piedmont to annex Lombardy-Venetia (under Austrian control) and Romagna (in  Papal states) to make a barrier against foreign influence in N.Italy - wanted Piedmontese lead, diplomacy with Europe, constitutional monarchy
    • D'azeglio
      • rejected the idea of the Pope being the 'unifier' and believed that change would come on its own
    • Charles Albert
      • Created the Statuto
      • Was involved in/ lead the battle of Custoza and Novara against Austia.
    • Pope Pius IX
      • had liberal sympathies - was a lot more liberal than the Zealots so believe believed he may be for unification
      • ended press censorship, granted Rome a constitution and replaced absolute papal rule
      • However he displayed his lack of interest in unifying Italy through his rejection of risorgimento, refusal to help his own army fight in piedmontese war agaisnt Austria and excommunication of those who tried to reduce his temporal power
    • Garribaldi
      • Created Roman Republic - successful for 100 days
    • Cavour
      • PM of Piedmont in 1852: improved Piedmont's infrastructure, build railroads,
      • Large economic benefits and trade treaties were negotiated with Britain, France, Austria, portugal and Belgium
      • Joined Crimean war against Russia in order to gain the friendship of Britian and France
    • Victor Emmanuel II
    • Napoleon III
      • not interested in uniting Italy until orsino affair
      • Agreed to fight Austria with Cavour if Austria had provoked war not Italy but pulled out of war early.


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