How important were economic factors in rise of fascist movements in inter-war Europe? (General)

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  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 28-05-18 22:02
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  • How important were economic factors in rise of fascist movements in inter-war Europe? (General)
    • Thompson argues
      • Nazis had appeal to middle-classes during post-war crisis
        • their incomes and economic security were endangered by effects of depression upon general economy
          • in German case, their savings were destroyed by hyperinflation
      • In some places, did little to effect economic outcome
        • when Mussolini fought first election and at height of turmoil, his vote was negligible
    • Thompson on Communist Threat
      • Conservative  liberal (including social democratic) administrations appeared adequately equipped, except in special Italian case, to hold social disruption and revolutionism in check and isolate red menace inside Soviet Frontiers
        • After 1929, ceased to be case
          • German KPD made strong advances both in numbers and electoral support
            • by 1932, it was polling more votes in Berlin than SPD
              • helped to make parliamentary system unworkable
          • When Communists were part of Popular Front coalitions and secured electoral victory in France and Spain
            • Normal guarantees of middle-class 'order' and security seemed to be failing and fascism appeared an acceptable alternative
    • Thompson (appeal of fascist movement in military terms)
      • Former soldiers were hardened and embittered by its outcome
        • natural attraction to join militias
      • Militias also appealed to juveniles envious or ashamed they didn't fight in Great War

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