plan for nuclear warfare

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: jwizz
  • Created on: 13-06-16 20:39
View mindmap
  • how far did the development of nuclear weapons change in the years 1945 - 2000?
    • Methods of delivery
      • WW2
        • carpet bombing
          • dropping bomb from a plane
          • not as precise as later techniques
          • lots dropped
      • Atom Bomb 1945
        • dropped from a plane - continuity
        • more accurate, only one dropped - change
      • arms race one
        • B-52 dropped by plane - continuity
        • more developed - 6000 miles + nuclear payload - change
        • medium + intermediate range ballistic missiles, inter-continental missiles - change
          • missiles not bombs - change
      • arms race two
        • minute man - silos, portable - change
          • still a missile - continuity
        • Submarine launched - change
          • missiles continuity
        • cruise missiles - continuity
          • jet powered - change
          • guided - change
      • so .... from a plane dropping them to being fired remotely as missiles
      • scale
        • cologne
          • 1000 bombers
          • 40 000 dead
        • hiroshoma
          • 1 bomb(er)
          • 80 000 dead
    • Arms limitation
      • 1963- 87
      • why?
        • cut expenditure
        • Cuba missiles
          • people shocked it came that close to a nuclear war
          • need to prevent a possible war breaking out
        • CND - campaign for nuclear disarmament
        • Détente - thaw in the cold war
          • both superpowers agreed to arms limitation
      • slow pace of change
      • progress
        • 2 superpowers overcame their fear
        • prepared to limit their weapons
          • change - never been done before
            • set up a hotline after cuba
      • unsucessful
        • START Startegic arms reduction talks
          • USA + USSR nothing agreed
      • successful
        • INF - intermediate nuclear forces treaty
          • stops long range missiles
          • allows inspection
          • 1st time ever arms reduction agreed - change
            • agreeing to protect themselves
      • others
        • partial test ban treaty
        • non-proliferation treaty
        • SALT 1 SALT 2
        • START INF
    • Development of missiles
      • V1 + V2 in WW2
      • Atom bomb
        • death toll 80 000 increase from small bombs - change
        • annoyed stalin - surpise - didn't know USA had an atom bomb
          • sparked cold war
            • then arms race
      • Arms race 1
        • H-bomb - change
        • Ussr - MRBM 3000 Km IRBM 5500km
        • USA - Atlas ICBM 8000km 16000mph - change type of missiles and range
          • continuity still missiles
          • V1 62000 dead ICBM 20 million dead - change
      • Arms race 2
        • minute man - 30 seconds launch
        • MIRVs multiple target - change
        • people wanted first strike capabilities and the ability to fire back quickly - change
          • technology + sputnik helped launching
      • MAD mutually assured destruction
        • more range and power = more assured destruction
          • deterrent - no use if anyone uses their weapons
        • back to conventional tactics - continutiy
      • SDI - Strategic Defence Initiative president Reagan - change
        • used to be on attack now on defence, warfare is changing
          • future conflicts didn't use missiles etc.
          • Star wars - nuclear umbrella, made up of satellites with lasers
            • never happened
            • forces USSR to disarm, weapons of no use.... + USSR behind in space race.... SDI stopped rapid missile growth
    • conclusion
      • significant change methods of delivery
        • dropped by plane to being fired as amissiles
      • range of missiles grew in lenth until ...
        • they reached MAD with range and destruction....
      • ...so... moved to defence - talked about arms limitation
      • major, key , foremost, most important, crucial , vital , decisive and important

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all warfare resources »