NOG -Changes in central government

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  • Changes in central government
    • A2 introduces ‘Council of Ministers’ & senate –in ‘Western’ style
      • However, all governmental bodies report to Tsar.
    • 1905 October Manifesto
      • Introduction of national Duma as promised in OctoberManifesto
      • BUT limited by autocratic veto of laws (Fund Laws 1906)
    • PG – potential democratic future with Constitutional Assembly & in Dual Authoritywith Petrograd Soviet
      • BUT effectively ‘Old Guard’ in charge – much change?
    • Lenin – October Revolution – rule independently through Sovnarkom
      • Politburo & Lenin have highly centralised power
        • Particularly during Civil War.
      • RSFSR created in1918 with ‘democratic’ structure.
    • Stalin – Highly centralised & bureaucratic with growth in party nomenklatura (yesmen)
      • 1936 Constitution gives nationalities in USSR power with Supreme Soviet……theoretically) – change?
      • All bodies (eg state planning) report to Stalin.
    • Khrushchev – ‘collective leadership’ & ‘de-Stalinisation’ ideas
      • But essentially nochange to central government structure.
      • Further change prevented by downfall.


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