6.3 Limiting Hospital Acquired Infections

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  • Created by: Eva
  • Created on: 10-01-13 19:00
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  • Limiting Hospital Acquired-Infections
    • Hygiene measures
      • Hand washing
      • Guidelines for clothing
      • Cleaning wards and toilets
      • Patient isolation
      • Alcohol-based gels/ phenol/ antiseptics/ disinfectants
      • Screening new patients
      • Preventing ill people visiting hospital
      • Monitoring levels of health care acquired infections
    • Evolutionary race
      • Bacteria that evolve resistant to antibiotics.
      • Bacteria randomly mutates and mutations selected and passed on leading to resistance.
        • Bacteria that evolve resistant to antibiotics.
      • May result in new biochemical pathways/enzyme production that destroys antibiotics - SUPERBUG
        • Bacteria randomly mutates and mutations selected and passed on leading to resistance.
        • Limiting the use of antibiotics/holding reserves reduces likelihood of resistance.
        • Most likely to occur in hospital when antibiotic use is highest
        • Use a bigger range and less antibiotics!
          • Reduces the chances of resistance as the more antibiotics, the less likely to be resistant to all.
      • Asepsis: absence of infection
      • Aseptic techniques: aim to minimise infection
        • Hygiene measures
          • Hand washing
          • Guidelines for clothing
          • Cleaning wards and toilets
          • Patient isolation
          • Alcohol-based gels/ phenol/ antiseptics/ disinfectants
          • Screening new patients
          • Preventing ill people visiting hospital
          • Monitoring levels of health care acquired infections

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