Homesteaders-History

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  • Homesteaders-History
    • An English Homesteader would be called a farmer.
    • The government acts that enabled people to move to the west were called:
      • The Timber culture act: 1873
      • The homestead act 1862
      • The Desert Land act:1877
    • People moved to the plains after the civil war.
      • Newly freed black slaves looking for a fresh start.
      • Demobbed soldiers and their families looking to rebuild their lives.
    • The transcontinental railway made a difference to the settlements on the plains.
      • It made it easier for the homesteaders to move on to the plains.
        • The governments sold land either side of the railway off cheap.
    • Problems of living on the plains.
      • Disease was caught from the pests living inside the sod houses.
      • Water and wood shortages made it difficult to drink, wash and to keep warm and sheltered.
      • Barbed wire was invented by Joesph Giddens in 1874- this helped to divide and fence up the land with out the use of wood.
        • Water and wood shortages made it difficult to drink, wash and to keep warm and sheltered.
    • Problems with Farming on the plains:
      • Extremes of weather, for example: the drought of 1859-1860.
      • Natural hazards; grasshoppers desecrating crops
      • The prairie grass was too hard to plough through.
      • Inventions that prevented farming problems:
        • Homesteaders-History
          • An English Homesteader would be called a farmer.
          • The government acts that enabled people to move to the west were called:
            • The Timber culture act: 1873
            • The homestead act 1862
            • The Desert Land act:1877
          • People moved to the plains after the civil war.
            • Newly freed black slaves looking for a fresh start.
            • Demobbed soldiers and their families looking to rebuild their lives.
          • The transcontinental railway made a difference to the settlements on the plains.
            • It made it easier for the homesteaders to move on to the plains.
              • The governments sold land either side of the railway off cheap.
          • Problems of living on the plains.
            • Disease was caught from the pests living inside the sod houses.
            • Barbed wire was invented by Joesph Giddens in 1874- this helped to divide and fence up the land with out the use of wood.
            • Problems with Farming on the plains:
              • Extremes of weather, for example: the drought of 1859-1860.
              • Natural hazards; grasshoppers desecrating crops
              • The prairie grass was too hard to plough through.
              • Inventions that prevented farming problems:
                • The Sod Buster- A new plough to break throigh prairie grass.
                • Dry Farming- Plough the earth after snow or rain to lock the moister in the ground.
                • Grow the right crop- Turkey red wheat would grow well in extreme climates.
            • Windmills.
              • Most homesteaders had a windmill because it span all year round and was used to pump water up from the ground.
            • A successful female homesteader.
              • Carries out the 'men's work'
              • Very hard work and must adapt to surroundings quickly.
              • Untitled
          • The Sod Buster- A new plough to break throigh prairie grass.
          • Dry Farming- Plough the earth after snow or rain to lock the moister in the ground.
          • Grow the right crop- Turkey red wheat would grow well in extreme climates.
      • Windmills.
        • Most homesteaders had a windmill because it span all year round and was used to pump water up from the ground.
      • A successful female homesteader.
        • Carries out the 'men's work'
        • Very hard work and must adapt to surroundings quickly.
        • Untitled

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