The First Home Rule Bill

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  • Home Rule Bill 1886
    • 1885- Hawarden Kite released to the press
      • Said that Gladstone was definitely going to pursue Home Rule
      • Historians believe that Gladstone did this because of the strength of the Irish Party
        • They had won 86 out of 103 seats (the liberals had none) and had been negotiating with the Conservatives
    • Main features of the Home Rule Bill
      • Ireland would have an assembly with two orders
      • British government would still control defence, Empire and the Crown
      • Irish Parliament would raise its own taxes and contribute £3,242,000 to the Empire
      • No Irish MPs in Westminister
    • Who Objected the Bill?
      • Conservatives
      • Many Liberals
        • John Bright and Joseph Chamberlain felt it went too far
    • Bill was defeated in House of Commons by 30 votes
      • Gladstone resigned as Prime Minister
      • Liberals split: Gladstone Liberals holding 192 seats, Chamberlain's Liberals gained 77 seats and Conservatives held 316.
    • Rioting in Belfast with 32 dead and 371 wounded from Protestants angry about the possibility of HR
    • The Conservative Government 1886-1893
      • "Kill Home Rule with kindness"
      • Repressive against protesters and police were given greater powers (Perpetual Crimes Act 1887)
      • Mitchelstown Massacre 1887- Police shot 3 protesters
        • Repressive against protesters and police were given greater powers (Perpetual Crimes Act 1887)
      • Tried to bring in laws to make the Irish happy

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