Holism and Reductionism

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  • Created by: rosannaaa
  • Created on: 04-04-18 18:50
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  • HOLISM AND REDUCTIONISM
    • Group of German researchers working in 1920s and 30s declared 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts'.
    • LEVELS OF EXP
      • E.g. OCD may be understood in a socio-cultural context as producing behaviour
      • Suggests there are different ways of viewing the same phenomena
    • BIOLOGICAL REDUCT
      • Based on the premise that we are biological organisms made up of physiological structures and processes.
      • All behaviour is at some level biological and can be explained through neurochemical, neurophysical, evolutionary and genetic influences.
    • Psychology can be placed in a hierarchy within science
  • Reductionism however analyses behaviour by breaking it down into its constituent parts
  • E.g. OCD may be understood in a socio-cultural context as producing behaviour
  • Psychology can be placed in a hierarchy within science
  • ENVIRONMENTAL REDUCT
    • Behaviourists break complex learning up into simple stimulus response links that are measurable within the lab.
    • Behaviourist approach is built on environmental reductionism
    • HOLISM AND REDUCTIONISM
      • Group of German researchers working in 1920s and 30s declared 'the whole is greater than the sum of its parts'.
      • LEVELS OF EXP
        • Suggests there are different ways of viewing the same phenomena
      • BIOLOGICAL REDUCT
        • Based on the premise that we are biological organisms made up of physiological structures and processes.
        • All behaviour is at some level biological and can be explained through neurochemical, neurophysical, evolutionary and genetic influences.

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