Hodges amd Tizard Institution

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    • Aims
      • Investigate permanence of long term effects of privation due to institutionalisation
    • Procedure
      • 65 children taken into care before 4 moths old formed an opportunity sample
      • Matched with control group of 65 children at home
      • Had high staff turnover and policy against strong attachments being formed
      • By 4yrs 24 were adopted, 15 back home, rest in institution
      • Assessed with self reports/ interviews on self esteem at 4, 8, 16
    • Findings
      • Later in life had more difficulty with peers and wanted adult attention so acted out
      • Once placed in families were still able to create attachments
      • Had greater problems with siblings than control group
    • Conclusion
      • Maternal deprivation did not impact attachments as returned to family environment and developed attachments
      • However problems at school= so institution can impact social development in later life
    • Evaluation
      • Longitudinal study- lost some children (could impact results)
      • Longitudinal study- can see long term effects
      • Can study variables that would be unethical in lab (as natural)
      • Cause and effect is difficult to establish
      • Ethics (consent)
      • Rutter backs up


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