The Effects of HIV/AIDS

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    • Effects on the body and health of an individual
      • Sufferers can live in ill-health and are susceptible to opportunistic diseases
      • As AIDS develop, other symptoms may include: weight loss, chronic diarrhoea, night sweats and skin problems
      • Greif, worry, stress and suffering
      • In the early stages sufferers may experience fever, headache, muscle aches and genital ulcers
    • Economic effects on an individual basis
      • Reduction in an individual's wages which can impact upon treatment access, food, nutrition and the ability to buy materials for business
      • Some people are unable to work if they become too ill or they may need to stay at home to take care of ill relatives
    • Effects on an individual's lifestyle or social life
      • Quality of life is impacted
      • Children may be removed from education to take care of ill relatives or to work for the family
      • Mortality rates in Swaziland have tripled since 1994, the population is now 21% lower than it would have been in the absence of HIV/AIDS
      • There is a concern over the longer term impacts with regard to the population structure and child education
    • Economic effects on a national basis
      • More people become dependent on the state or charities for support
      • Less tax generated for the government
      • There will be a concern with the quantity of working age people
      • There is a reduction in savings in Swaziland and a reduction in foreign investment
      • Reduced life expectancy - 49 years in Swaziland
      • Development of a country can be halted or reversed. In Swaziland, 2.8% of the country's GDP has been lost due to HIV/AIDS


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