Hitler's Rise to Power

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  • Created by: EGX
  • Created on: 07-05-20 10:09
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  • Hitler's Rise to Power
    • Great Depression
      • Increased popularity - promised to make Germany great again.
      • Nazis grew to over 300,000 people.
      • People started to look for a new leader as the Weimar Republic couldn't sort out Germany's problems.
    • Nazi Party
      • Hitler used the SA to terrorise his opponents.
      • Hitler controlled the news and media, and later on the police.
      • Opposition meetings were banned.
      • By July 1933, Germany was a one-party state.
    • Changing the Law
      • Hitler brought in an Enabling Bill, which was passed with threats.
      • Hitler declared the Communist Party and all other Parties illegal.
      • The Enabling Bill let Hitler govern for 4 years without parliament's permission for any law.
    • The Night of the Long Knives
      • 30 June 1934 - Hitler and his ** troops stormed into hotel armed with machine guns.
      • The SA leader, Ernst Rohm and Gregor Strasser were among others who were arrested and later shot dead.
      • Over the next few days, around 400 people were executed in the same way, including former chancellor Kurt von Schleicher.
      • Hitler proudly publicised this event and rewarded the **.
    • The Reichstag
      • July 1923 - The Nazi Party won 230 seats, they were the biggest party.
      • March 1922 -Hitler called for another election, hoping to make the Nazi Party stronger.
      • November 1932 - Nazis lost 34 seats in the elections.
      • January 1933 - Hindenburg offered the post of Chancellor to Hitler.
      • 27 February 1933 - A fire broke out in the building and Hitler blamed it on the communists.
      • Hitler stood against Hindenburg in the 1930 elections.
    • 1933
      • February - Hitler arranged a new election in March and hoped to get the majority. Hitler intimidated his opponents through the police and media.
      • 27-28 February - The Reichstag burnt down. Hitler asked Hindenburg to pass a special emergency law.
      • March - The decree 'Protection for the People and State' banned leading communists from electing and most were thrown in prison. The Centre Party joined the Nazis.
      • 2 May - Hitler banned all trade unions. He took away their money and threw them in prison. He removed a worker's way of complaining.
      • 7 April - Hitler could use his new powers from the Enabling Act to put Nazis in charge of all local governments, councils and police. The Gestapo was formed and the first Concentration camp was opened in Dachau.
      • 14 July - Hitler banned all political parties in Germany, except the Nazis. The 'Law Against the Formation of New Parties' controlled this and people would opposing would get a 3 year prison sentence.
      • 2 August - Hitler had murdered all of his opponents in the SA. When President Hindenburg died, Hitler immediately took his job as well as Chancellor. He made the army swear an oath of loyalty to him.

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