Hitler's Admission to Power in January 1933 - Germany

  • Created by: RConwa_y
  • Created on: 04-05-18 08:30
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  • Hitler's Admission to Power in January 1933
    • Could Hitler's appointment have been avoided?
      • Hitler's support depended on unemployment. As unemployment fell so would Hitler's support
      • The Nazi party was nearly bankrupt
      • The economy was starting to recover
      • Nazi promises could not be fulfilled
      • However, his appointment became more likely as Hindenburg failed to establish an authoritarian government
    • The failure of von Schleicher
      • The army was unwilling to support von Papen; von Schleicher was appointed in Dec 1932
      • Von Schleicher approached Hitler, asking the Nazis to join the government. Hitler blocked this
      • He looked for support from the SDP. Industrialists feared this and looked to a Papen-Hitler coalition
    • "Backstairs Intrigue"
      • Papen began talking to Hitler through intermediaries - von Schleicher couldn't gain support so Hitler's position was strengthened
      • Hindenburg no longer supported Schleicher. He asked Papen to talk to Hitler
      • Hindenburg though Hitler was controllable because his support had declined
      • 28 Jan 1933 - Schleicher resigned; 30 Jan 1933 Hitler appointed Chancellor
    • The failure of von Papen
      • In July 1932 Franz von Papen was appointed Chancellor, despite the Nazis having a majority in Reichstag
      • He wanted an authoritarian state; he lifted the ban on the SA and took over Prussia
      • More centralized power. The "federal principle" was ignored
      • Hitler demanded the right to form a government. He was offered vice Chancellorship - he declined
      • Elections in Nov 1932 - Nazis lacked sufficient funds to fund a successful campaign. They lost 2 million votes

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