Use of violence and intimidation to consolidate power

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 27-05-13 09:46
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  • Hitler use violence and intimidation - consolidate power
    • violence and intimidation
      • Day of Potsdam
        • showing support for army and Hindenburg
        • Demonstrate power and influence;  message to opponents - have a lot to contend with if want to overthrow
        • Support coming from powerful figures -enemy of Nazis means enemy of state
      • Kroll Opera House - 23rd March
        • banning KPD members from entering - SA intimidating members
          • Nazis could get 2/3 majority
      • Gauleiters as regional governors
        • impossible for opponents to get away
        • stricter regime, intense intimidation - violence can be used more freely
      • Dachau (April 1933)
        • Hindenburg unlikely to object
        • helping to remove the 'enemies of the state'
      • Goering allowed police to use firearms
        • firearms 'must be used ruthlessly'
      • Reichstag Fire
        • used Lubbe as scape Goat - remove communist opposition
        • 4000 arrests made
    • Legality
      • begins filling cabinet with Nazi sympathisers
        • January 1933 - Goering - Frick -   VonPapen
        • March 1933 - Goebbels for minister of propaganda
        • December 1933 - Rohm introduced
      • Malicious Practices Law
        • outlawing all opponents undermining the state
      • NOT ENOUGH
        • Restoration of Professional Civil Service
          • Removal of Jews from army - blocked by Hindenburg
        • KPD members outlawed illegally from new Reichstag
      • Enabling Act March
        • 441 votes - 94
    • Hitlers leadership
      • rallying point behind NSDAP
        • helping to co-operate and spread control
        • otherwise remain splinter party (during 1920s)
      • Presence at Potsdam - March 1933
        • civilian clothing - appeal to class
        • depiction of dominance over people
        • Hohenzollerns house- significant to people and elites - carry on authoritarian rule
      • Creation of cult leader - stayed duration of him being in power
        • - radio broadcasts
        • torch lit parades (immediately after chancellorship)
          • after depression lightens the mood
          • promotes his paty as being better than Weimar - times will change
        • Became the primary face in Germany - like celebrity
    • Propaganda
      • Kroll Opera House
        • Implications of culture and civilisation
        • perhaps show Hitler as being powerful
      • more influential for middle/lower classes in aiding them to vote
        • limited for the elites - never been that fond of him anyway
        • not that great- helping him to edge closer  to consolidating power
      • Modernist
        • wanting to impress Germans (despite being a party of the past)
          • 1932 election - arrived by plane
          • for example use of radio - understand them
      • Goebbels - impact to intimidate people
        • helps encourage people rather than ham people which could have effect of urning people away
      • alliance with Hugenberg - 1928 against Young Plan
        • access to vast media empire
        • help with money - shown to wide audience - popularity

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