History (TofV/Aims/LON)

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  • Created by: Tanisha
  • Created on: 23-12-12 18:02
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  • History Revision (Section 1)
    • Treaty of Versailles
      • War Guilt
        • Germany was given the war guilt - article 231 - made Germany accept the blame for starting WW1 and they had to accept all terms of the treaty.
      • Reparations
      • Loss of Land
        • Germany split into 2 by the Polish Corridor
        • Alsace and Lorraine goes back to France
        • Germany loses the Rhineland (becomes demilterized)
        • Germany loses all its colonies
        • Saar Region is run by LON for 15 years
        • West  Prussia, Posen and Upper Selisa go to Poland
      • Loss of Armed Forces
        • Army cut back to 100,000 (same size of Belgiums)
        • No Air force
        • No Submarines
        • No Tanks
        • Only 6 battleships allowed in navy
        • No Consription
        • Rhineland  Demiliterized
      • League of Nations
        • Germany  were not allowed to join the LON until they proved they were a peaceful country
    • Aims of the Big    Three
      • Wilson (USA)
        • (any of the 14 points) wanted a fair treaty
        • No Secret Treaties
        • Free trade between Countries
        • All countries to disarm - avoid future wars
        • France to regain Alsace- Lorriane
        • LON to be set up
      • Clemenceau (France)
        • Germany to lose all its colonies
        • Germany to pay for all war damage
        • Germany to be broken into smaller parts
        • Alsace-Lorraine to be given back to France
        • Wanted a Harsh Treaty
        • Borders to be pushed back in order to gain the Rhineland
      • David Lloyd George (Britain)
        • Punish Germany to please Britain
        • Rebuild trade with Germany
        • Germany to lose all its navy
        • Pay for damage to Britain
    • League of Nations
      • Organisation
        • The Agencies: dealed with improving living and working conditions
        • The Assembly - Met 1x a year, control budget and membership
        • The Council: Met 5x a year (4 main members were  Br/Fr/It/Jp)
      • The 4 Aims
        • 1) Avoid War
        • 2) Disarm all countries
        • 3)Rebuild trade between all countries
        • 4) Improve living and working conditions worldwide
      • Why the USA did not join
        • Immgirants from Germany in the USA
        • Didn't want to get involved in world affairs
        • Didn't believe in Empires
        • Didn't want to risk economy
      • Successes of the LON
        • Aaland Island 1921 - Between Finland and Sweden
        • Upper Selisia 1921 - Between Germany and Poland
      • Failures of the LON
        • The Corfu Crisis 1923 - Between Italy and Greece
        • The Manchurian Crisis 1931 - Between Japan and China
        • The Abyssinia Crisis 1935 - Between Italy and China

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