Hispanic campaigns and protests

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  • Hispanic campaignes and protests
    • NFWA
      • Cesar hoped to make a union that would provide welfare support for Chicano workers
      • once it had grew hoped to organise a national campaign to gain greater economic rights for chicano form workers
      • provided services to its members e.g. credit union so chicano workers could borrow money and insurance scheme both useful as banks and insurance firms had no interest in providing service for poverty line
      • helped families deal with local authority t ensure they were treated fairly
      • popular - members 200 to 1200 from 1962 -5
    • LA Huelga
      • NFWA launched its first big campaign
      • AWOC Filipoions form workers walked in vineyards in Delono california to have a strike
      • lasted 5 years
      • over 10,000 farm workers
      • agricultures refused to negotiate with the strike and recurred strike breakers
      • UFW merged to make this
      • 1968 boycott of grapes was successful as 17 million americans stopped buying California grapes
    • UWS achievement
      • 1966 schneller vineyards negotiated a fair connect with farm workers
      • forced Delano grape producers to introduce a wage increase. brought up to national min wage
      • effectiveness
        • took time
        • boycotts
        • strikes
      • passge of cali agriculture labour relations act
        • gave legal rights and had to negoatite with them
    • other hispanic protests
      • MAPA encouraged mexicans to register to vote and support Mexicans running for public office
      • 1962 MAPA Pres Edward Royal elected house of repsresntatives
      • YCCA campaigned for better education and employment practices for chicanos in la
      • YCCA involved with chicano blowouts 1968 series of school walkouts demanding higher standards of schooling for hispanic students
      • Puerto Rican communities lived in ghettos of new york and Chicago
        • they faced racial discrimination in terms of housing and employment
    • why black were better at campaigning
      • only formed 6% of US population black were 12%
      • federal government were not sympathetic
      • did not have enough voting power so less politically influence
      • Hispanic movement was divide on political and cultural lines


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