Greek tragedy

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  • The conventions and production of tragedies in fifth-century Athens
    • Theatre
      • Performed in open air and in daylight
      • The Theatre at Dionysus at Athens
        • where are the surviving Tragedies would of been performed
        • people would sit on the ground or on wooden seats
        • seated 15,000 people
        • bowl shaped enhances acoustics
          • a pin drop in the orchestra could be heard in the back row
      • Orchestra
        • This is where the Orchestra dance
        • contained the alter of Dionysus
          • religious festival
            • first temple
      • Parados
        • the pathways where the chorus enter
      • Skene
        • used to store props
        • place where actors got changed
        • used as a building in plays
          • eg Medea's house
      • Auditorium
        • seating area for the audience
      • Diazoma
        • access for the audience
    • Actors
      • first actor
        • protangonistes
      • second actor
        • deuteragonist
      • all three actors were male
        • played multiple characters
      • Quality's needed
        • strong voices
        • versatile
          • range of characters
        • stamina
          • length messenger speeches
        • strong facial expressions and gestures
      • act on the stage
    • The chorus
      • about 15 men
      • Sophocles and Euripides the chorus rarely occupied more than 1/4 of the play
        • choral odes are used to transition between episodes of acting
          • However in the Medea they don't have a formal choral ode
          • allowed time for the actors to change as well as to indicated a passage of time
            • eg Antigone allowing to the Guard to go and catch Antigone in the act
      • the chorus didn't only sing they also danced
        • accompanies with the musical instruments of a lyre, a flute
    • Costumes
      • wore a rope called a chiton
        • robe was richly patterned
      • chorus wore a similar robe but it would be appropriate for their role
      • tragic actors wore boots with platform soles and heels
      • mask
        • included hair and facial hair
        • portrayed exaggerated emotions
    • Mechanical Devices
      • ekkyklema
        • wooden wheeled platform
        • used to display tableaux
        • wheeled on and off though the central doors of the stage building
      • Mechane
        • crane used to lift actors playing god onto the roof of the skene
        • portrayed the mortal plane
        • eg Medea in her chariot pulled by dragons
    • The audience
      • Women seem to have been allowed by its uncertain if many did
      • boys went with their slave tutors
      • entry was two obols
      • from the Theoric fund state funds would allow everyone to go if they wished
        • middle fifth century
      • people would take their own cushion
      • food and drink was sold at the theatre

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