High Stalinism

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  • High Stalinism
    • Cultural
      • 'Anti-Soviet' authors were condemned and the publication of works forbidden
      • Social realism became the norm in literature and the arts.
      • Only pro-soviet writers were allowed to visit the USSR
      • Very few citizens were allowed to travel west
    • Political
      • Wartime institutions were dismantled
      • The military hierarchy was downgraded
      • New Politburo and Secretariat were elected
      • Stalin was still Head of Government and Head of his Party
      • Politburo became an advisory body
      • Party lost its autonomy became a bureaucratic structure
    • Terror
      • Seen as a revival of terror
      • Isolationism from the non-Soviet west
        • Partly due to national concern and partly fear of ideological contamination
      • Treated prisoners of war badly
      • Constant vigilance over Soviet citizens
      • Gulag system vastly expanded
      • Between 1945 and 1953 around 12 million were sent to labour camps
    • Cult of Personality
      • Stalin became increasingly reclusive and irrational.
      • He accorded a God-like status
      • Portrayed as the greatest living man and man of the people
      • Towns took his name, 'Stalin' prizes founded, monuments to him in the USSR and satellite states

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