Henry VII: Controlling the Nobility

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  • Created by: Ed
  • Created on: 11-04-13 12:11
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  • Henry VII: Controlling the Nobility
    • Carrots (rewards)
      • Order of the Garter
        • Group of Henry's closest workers in war and governenment
        • Gave kudos + prestige WITHOUT power or land
          • Therefore reducing likelihood of rebellion
        • Examples
          • Earl of Oxford
          • Reginald Bray
          • Lord Daubeney
      • Patronage
        • Privileges as result of good + loyal service
        • e.g. for Bosworth supporters
          • John de Verre, Earl of Oxford
          • Jasper Tudor
          • Lord Stanley
        • e.g. Reginald Bray - helped Henry accumulate land in 18 countries
          • ...he was thus able to leave £1,000 in his will
      • JPs
        • ensured not only loyalty, but also enforcement of policies
        • could be nobility or gentry
      • King's Council
        • Seen as a very notable reward from the king
        • Examples
          • pre-Bosworth supporters
            • Bray, Daubeney, Guildford
          • Chancellors Morton + Warham
          • Richard Fox, Keeper of the Privy Seal
    • Sticks (punishments)
      • Acts of Attainder
        • Punishment involving the loss of all rights to inherit lands and titles
        • Were reversible if noble redeems himself
        • e.g. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey
          • Fought against Henry at Bosworth
          • Act reversed, however
            • Refused to escape imprisonment during 1487 Simnel rebellion
              • Restored as Earl + rewarded for dealing with Yorkshire rebellion
                • Took an oath of allegiance in Jan. 1489
                • Put down the Yorkshire Rebellion of 1489
            • Took an oath of allegiance in Jan. 1489
            • Put down the Yorkshire Rebellion of 1489
      • Laws against retaining
        • Oaths
          • Lords + Commons had to swear in Parliament that they would not indulge in illegal retaining
        • De Retentionibus Illicitus (1504)
          • Nobles had to possess a licence if they were to retain legally
        • e.g. Earl of Oxford - fined £10,000 for illegal retaining
      • Bonds + Recognisances
        • Bond
          • Written agreements to pay money if they could not uphold a promise
            • e.g. Thomas Grey, Marquis of Dorset
              • ...agreeing to pay if the obligation was not met
              • supposedly supported Richard in 1485
                • ...therefore having to...
                  • transfer all lands to trustees
                  • give a recognisance for £1,000
                  • Find others who would give £10,000 recognisances on his behalf
        • Recognisance
          • Formal acknowledgements of an obligation already existing
            • ...agreeing to pay if the obligation was not met
      • Council Learned in Law
        • Empson + Dudley
      • Placement
      • Feudal dues


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