Henry VII's Control of the Nobility

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  • Henry VII's control of the Nobility
    • Acts of Attainder
      • Henry could put anyone against him on trial - their family would be 'attained' and lose land rights.
      • e.g. Thomas Howard fought for Richard III = attained 1486-1492.
    • Bonds and Recognisances
      • Financial contracts to ensure loyalty. Bonds = sum of money noble agreed to pay should they fail to carry out. promise. Recognisance = formal acknowledgement of the agreement.
      • e.g. Thomas Grey proved loyalty by 1499 so agreements were cancelled.
    • Feudal Dues
      • King could demand money under variety of circumstances
      • Relief (when heir inherited); marriage (could arrange nobles’ daughters for money); wardship (control land whilst owner is child – makes child the kings ward)
    • Laws against Retaining
      • 1485 = lord and commons had to swear not to retain illegally.
      • 1509 = nobles had to retain special place cards or licences to retain.
      • £5 penalty charge.
    • Crown Lands
      • Aimed to bring back as much land into the hands of the crown (land = power)
      • Amount of crown lands was 5x larger by later years of Henry VII’s reign than Henry V’s reign (1450’s)
    • Patronage
      • Giving of positions/titles to buy loyalty. Reward for good and loyal service
    • Order of the Garter
      • Significant honour to receive for King’s closest servants (no land given)
      • 37 knights e.g. Earl of oxford
    • Appointments to King’s Council and the Great Council
      • Discussed high matters of state/ emergencies
      • KC e.g. Richard Fox.          Great Council e.g. 1496 grant of £120,000 for war in Scotland?

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