Henry VIII : Religious Reformation in the 1530s

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  • Henry VIII: religious reformation
    • Rebellion - Pilgrimage of Grace
      • Took place in northern England
      • Only major rebellion Henry faced (other than amicable grant)
      • Happened because the people in Louth thought Cromwell was going to strip the local churches and monasteries of their valuables and increase tax
    • Role of Cromwell
      • The Dissolution of Smaller Monasteries act (1536)
        • Closed any church land valued under £200 per year
          • Sparked rebellions in Lincolnshire and Yorkshire (P of Grace)
      • Monastic and Church lands surveyed for value and the moral and spiritual standards (1535)
      • Closures continued, resulting in the execution of Carthusian Monks   (1537-8)
      • Act of the First Fruits and Tenths (1534)
        • Allowed Henry to tax the Church
        • This money was previously paid to the Pope
      • Act for the Dissolution of Larger monasteries (1539)
        • Closed down all religious houses except for Chantries
      • Court of  Augmentation established to handle the property and income from dissolved monastaries
    • Need for a divorce from Catherine
      • Needed Cromwell to secure the divorce, so he could marry Anne and make the heir legitimate
      • Infatuation with Anne Boleyn and wanting a legit heir
        • Henry had gotten Anne pregnant before his divorce with Catherine.
          • Needed the divorce to be soon so he could marry Anne and legitimise his heir (Elizabeth)
    • Infatuation with Anne Boleyn and wanting a legit heir
      • Henry had gotten Anne pregnant before his divorce with Catherine.
        • Needed the divorce to be soon so he could marry Anne and legitimise his heir (Elizabeth)
    • Act of Supremacy
      • Parlimentary act passed in 1534 named Henry VIII the head of the church of England, making him more powerful than the pope
    • Dissolution of the monasteries
      • Very wealthy (could double Henry's annual income)
      • Henry would gain crown lands
      • Didn't keep with the Protestant view of individual faith in God
      • Permanent reminders of Catholicism and could potentially be centres of resistance

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