Henry VII: How did we get here?

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  • How did we get here?
    • Nature of Kingship
      • king was appointed by god
      • king is annoited in holy oil - God's grace
      • Treason = against God
    • Limitations of a king
      • expected to take council before making decisions
      • needed parliaments permission to pass laws & raise taxes
      • expected to pay for ordinary expenses
      • expected to be fair &ensure justice in courts
      • relied on support of subjects to declare war
    • kingdom of England
      • King controlled England
        • Main city = London
        • relied on the nobility to control local gov.
      • Scotland was independant
      • King took the title 'Lord of Ireland'
        • controlled Pale of Calais
      • King controlled Wales
        • some welsh control ed by marcher lords
    • English Society
      • God
        • The King: appointed by God
          • The Second Estate: gentry, spiritual lords (bishops), temporal lords/ magnates (nobles, dukes barons)
            • The commons: Peasants
    • Feudalism
      • English Society
        • God
          • The King: appointed by God
            • The Second Estate: gentry, spiritual lords (bishops), temporal lords/ magnates (nobles, dukes barons)
              • The commons: Peasants
      • ensured power and loyalty to the king
      • late middle ages: gentry saw themselves men of the local lord & not the king
      • Magnates acted as patrons of gentry - gentry would giveloyalty

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