Henry VII and consolidation of power

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  • Henry VII and the consolidation of power
    • Weak claim to thrones
      • Constantly fearful of attemt to seize thrones
      • Margaret Beaufort was direct descendant of Edward III
        • But Margaret's great-grandparents hadn't actually been married
    • Wars of Roses had encouraged violence, instability and weakness within England
      • Many supported Henry just for a return to normalcy
    • Battle of Bosworth
      • Henry set sail 01.08.85
      • Had much support but forces were considerably inferior to Richard's
      • Lord Thomas Stanley, after waiting on sidelines for a while, declared his support for Henry
        • Richard III was killed
          • His forces disbanded and fled
          • Henry VII crowned king on the battlefield
    • John & Edmund de la Pole was rivals to his claim on the throne
      • Margaret of Burgundy was also a threat
    • But Henry had his advantages
      • No sibling rivalry
      • Few enemies
      • Proven himself to be a worthy leader
    • His objectives were...
      • To establish a secure throne
      • To strengthen the gov., the monarchy and the UK
      • Better control of nobility
    • Securing his throne
      • V. fast coronation to symbolise his right to rule
      • Marrying Elizabeth of York
      • Producing a male heir in September 1486
      • Rewarding his followers to ensure their loyalty
      • Removing threats
        • Eg. locking the Earl of Warwick in the tower of London
    • His charatcer
      • Prudent
      • Wise
      • Shrewd
      • Sensible/ cautious
      • Merciful
      • Private
  • Richard III was extremely unpopular
    • No direct heir
    • Ruthless rule
    • Blamed for the deaths of the princes in the tower
    • Wars of Roses had encouraged violence, instability and weakness within England
      • Many supported Henry just for a return to normalcy

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