Henry II was in a strong position as King of England by the end of 1154

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  • Created by: Oliver
  • Created on: 28-03-16 15:25
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  • ‘Henry II was in a strong position as King of England by the end of 1154.’
    • Disagree
      • William of Boulogne was a potential claimant to the throne and his brother Henry of Blois was the richest and most powerful bishop in England
      • the barons had encroached on the royal demesne during Stephen's reign
      • adulterine castles had been built without royal consent and powerful barons including William of Aumale, Roger of Hereford and Hugh Mortimer initially refused to surrender them to Henry II
      • Owain Gwynedd was at the height of his power in North Wales and the Earl of Chester was only a boy, this put the North West of England at considerable risk.
      • exchequer system, upon which royal finance rested, had been undermined
        • Importance of £
    • Agree
      • Eustace of Boulogne, Stephen's elder son and heir, had died in 1153
      • King Stephen had agreed to the succession of Henry II by the Treaty of Wallingford and Henry II had been able to establish himself unopposed after Stephen's death
      • Henry II was in a position to distance himself from the unpopularity of his mother Matilda
      • the new king of Scotland, Malcolm IV, was a twelve year old boy
      • Theobald of Bec, the Archbishop of Canterbury had supported the Angevin succession and the English Church was a willing partner of the new king.


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