- ‘Henry II was in a strong position as King of England by the end of 1154.’
- William of Boulogne was a potential claimant to the throne and his brother Henry of Blois was the richest and most powerful bishop in England
- the barons had encroached on the royal demesne during Stephen's reign
- adulterine castles had been built without royal consent and powerful barons including William of Aumale, Roger of Hereford and Hugh Mortimer initially refused to surrender them to Henry II
- Owain Gwynedd was at the height of his power in North Wales and the Earl of Chester was only a boy, this put the North West of England at considerable risk.
- exchequer system, upon which royal finance rested, had been undermined
- Importance of £
- Eustace of Boulogne, Stephen's elder son and heir, had died in 1153
- King Stephen had agreed to the succession of Henry II by the Treaty of Wallingford and Henry II had been able to establish himself unopposed after Stephen's death
- Henry II was in a position to distance himself from the unpopularity of his mother Matilda
- the new king of Scotland, Malcolm IV, was a twelve year old boy
- Theobald of Bec, the Archbishop of Canterbury had supported the Angevin succession and the English Church was a willing partner of the new king.
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